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Dry eyes or keratoconjunctivitis sicca is Latin for dryness of the cornea and conjunctiva. Symptoms may including burning gritty sensation of the eyes but in some mild cases it may go unnoticed. Some people have a strong inflammatory component to their dryness which can respond well to eye drop medications. There are many treatments of dry eye, including artificial tears, anti-inflammatory prescription eye drops, such as Restasis®, punctal plugs and environmental control. Some cases may benefit from use of omega-3 supplements and extra fish consumption.
Glaucoma is an eye disease affecting the optic nerve at the back of the eye. According to the Glaucoma Research Foundation, half of people with the disease are unaware that they have it. Glaucomatous vision loss usually begins peripherally and progresses centrally, so a surprising amount of vision may be irreversibly compromised before such loss is even noticed. We can now detect glaucoma earlier than in years past with specialized more advanced testing, and many times even before vision loss begins. Retinal Nerve Fibre imaging (OCT, Gdx) represents arguably the most significant advancement in diagnostic technology for glaucoma. Other testing including Visual Field Analysis, intraocular pressures, gonioscopy, pachymetry, and direct stereoscopic assessment of the optic nerve tissue will further yield important information essential to diagnosis. And, once diagnosed, treatment typically involves procedures to reduce eye pressure and (neuro) protection of optic nerves. We are dedicated to the early detection and treatment of glaucoma. Misunderstood by many, glaucoma can occur at any age, even at birth.
Healthy eyes and good vision are critically important components of any child's ability to learn. In fact, some say 80 percent of learning is visually based. Some signs that might indicate your child is having vision problems include complaints of headaches, tendency to rub his or her eyes, holding reading material very close or avoiding close work. An eye exam is necessary to rule out amblyopia (lazy eye), strabismus (misalignment of the eyes), muscle imbalances, high or unequal refractive errors, and other eye diseases. Early detection of eye problems such as lazy eye and strabismus is crucial because children are more responsive to treatments when treated early. We recommend that every baby receive an eye exam between 6-12 months of age, as well as annually during the school years.
Retinal diseases vary widely, some are more common and easily treated while others can be rare and require more complex treatment. By a retinal exam, we can detect these diseases.
Diabetes can affect the retina in the form of diabetic retinopathy, a condition in which blood vessels in the eye bleed and damage the retina. There may be no symptoms early in the disease, however, later symptoms include blurry vision, seeing spots or floaters, and sometimes even blindness.
Macular degeneration is a condition in which damage occurs to the macula, the part of the retina responsible for sharp central vision. It is possible to detect early signs of macular degeneration before symptoms occur. Risk factors include aging, smoking, lighter skin and eye color, obesity, and heredity.
A cataract is the clouding in the lens of the eye, impeding the passage of light, which leads to vision loss. This painless condition usually occurs with aging, but there are risk factors which accelerate or foster development, such as prolonged exposure to ultraviolet (UV) light, tobacco use, physical trauma, and diabetes. Diagnosis and assessment of cataracts usually requires a comprehensive eye examination. If significant, the most effective and common treatment is to make an incision into the capsule of the cloudy lens in order to remove the cataract, which is then replaced with an implant which stays in the eye permanently. Cataract removal is one of the most common and safest surgeries performed, but as always, it is important to discuss any risks or potential adverse effects prior to surgery.
Ironwood Optometry is a full scope contact lens practice that ranges from typical soft lens fits to the most complicated custom rigid lens cases. These include of rigid gas permeable lenses (including fitting of orthokeratology, keratoconus, and post corneal surgery patients), scleral lenses, as well as hybrid lenses.
We are dedicated to you to have a healthy and enjoyable contact lens experience. Our practice is specifically designed and equipped with the latest technology to provide our patients with the most customized contact lenses available. We have treated thousands of patients with contact lenses, including many who were previously told they could not wear contact lenses. In some cases, we use corneal topography, a detailed mapping of your cornea, to aid in the diagnosis, design, and manufacture of complex contact lenses. Visit our page on types of contact lenses.
At Ironwood Optometry, we pride ourselves in offering one of the most comprehensive eye examinations available. Every new patient receives a complete eye examination to thoroughly assess the health and function of the eyes, which includes general patient history, eye prescription, binocular assessment, eye health evaluation, including glaucoma & cataracts, and an evaluation of systemic disease affecting the eyes. Contact lens services are also available for the fitting and evaluation of both soft, rigid, hybrid or scleral contact lenses. Patients may also obtain glasses or contact lenses on site.
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